It’s been a while, and while I’ll have to look much harder to find a more fun fact than the biological explaination of the tequila shot, I have some tidbits from my studies here and there.
#1: Gaston from Beauty and the Beast should have been a 6’5″ bald crazy man with flaky skin who was constantly nauseated and anorexic. There exists an essential “B Vitamin” called Biotin that is essential for many important metabolic enzymes. There exists a rare condition in which a person can be deficient in the enzyme biotin. It’s such a widespread vitamin that deficiency is rarely caused by a lack of intake, but rather is caused by something more unusual. Egg whites. Lots and lots of egg whites. Egg whites contain a protein called Avidin which “avidly” and irreversibly binds biotin causing it to be inactive.
In the movie, Gaston boasts in his song “When I was a lad, I ate four dozen eggs every morning to help me get large. And now that I’m grown I eat five dozen eggs so I’m roughly the size of a barge!” Close Gaston, but not quite. Assuming he makes it past the age of 16 without a heart attack from the vast amount of cholesterol consumed, the adult gaston would look something like this:
#2: The origin of the Brittish word “Limey”, as in “did you see those limey buggas?” Back in the day, the Brittish had a pretty awesome navy. In the navy, Scurvy was a big problem. Scurvy is a disease that attacks collagen synthesis with symptoms of… well, just think about what your typical pirate might look like: bad, rotting teeth, scars, open wounds (defective wound healing), ect. This is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin C which is found in citrus fruits, such as lemons, oranges, and yes… limes. The navy would carry around large quantities of limes and such and eat them frequently to prevent scurvy. They ate them so frequently that when referring to sailors, they started to use the word “limey”. Knowledge is power!